Research and development is an area in which the EU and member states cooperate in order to develop a more effective policy. Scottish universities, which have been a source of national pride for centuries, have flourished in this framework.
As with other types of EU funding, potentially Scotland could ‘buy in’ to Horizon 2020 as Norway does but this is expensive, inefficient and it is much more effective to simply be in the EU.
Since January 2014 Scottish universities successfully secured over €110 million from the EU funded Horizon 2020 research programme. Between 2007 and 2014, Scottish organisations secured €572 million to support Scotland's world leading science.
These are achievements that we can continue to replicate or expand in the future.
Access to such funding is clearly of major benefit and encourages international collaboration which would not be as effective if Scotland were to withdraw from the EU.